Technical Overview of DECT ULE
Written By: Bob Buckiewicz
Bob is the Director of Hardware Development at LSR. He has over 30 years of experience in the development of low power wireless communication systems. Bob is a graduate of the University of Illinois (BSEE 1980) holds four patents, has two patents pending, and is a winner of Electronic Design News (EDN) magazine's "Excellence in Design" award for development of the world's first frequency synthesized walkman portable radio.
What is DECT ULE?
Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications (DECT) was launched in 1987 and is the standard for cordless phone communications worldwide. Available in over 110 countries and operating is some 600 million households. DECT has been a continuously evolving technology and new versions of the core technology such as Cordless Advanced Technology – Internet & Quality (CAT-iq) have already surfaced. The latest version is DECT Ultra Low Energy (ULE).
With the introduction of the Ultra Low Energy (ULE) standard extension, DECT has become the ideal technology for home automation and security, as well. DECT ULE features extremely low cost, low power consumption, long range (full house coverage with simple star technology), interference free, highly-stable bit-rates, and value –added complementary voice and video capabilities.
Why DECT ULE?
DECT ULE utilizes a star topology, taking advantage of an extended indoor (over 70 meters/230 feet) and outdoor (over 600 meters/2000 feet) range to provide full coverage without deployment of a costly mesh network.
DECT ULE is a SW protocol extension of the standard DECT, already deployed in millions of DECT gateways and standard (PSTN) base stations. These devices can be easily upgraded to support DECT ULE for Home Automation and Security/Monitoring, while continuing to support legacy telephony.
Target Market Applications
ULE positions DECT in new and rapidly growing market segments beyond the traditional DECT telephony market, such as the wireless Machine-to Machine (M2M) market. In addition, DECT ULE is ideal for Smart Home and Home Area Network (HAN) sensor applications such as home automation, security, monitoring, metering and healthcare.
- Smart Plugs: provides intelligent monitoring and control of electrical appliances connected to standard electrical sockets
- Consumption Display & Awareness: provides home user the display of the monitored power consumption
- Lighting Controls: provides the user the ability to control lighting in the home from remote control
- White Goods/Appliance Control: provides the user the ability to control appliances from remote control, including setting operation timing in off-peak tariff periods
- Climate Control: Thermostat, HVAC, ventilation, remote sensing blinds
Home Security & Life Safety
- Doorbell w/ Voice and Video: allows home user to visually inspect who is at the door
- Security Systems: Cameras, Motion Detectors, Glass Breakage Detectors, Door/Window Sensors
- Access Control, Surveillance Systems w/ Voice and Video
- Smoke, CO and Flood Detectors
- Voice Enabled Panic Buttons
- Baby Monitors:
- Distress “Panic Button” Pendants
- Assisted Living
- Remote Healthcare & Patient Monitoring
- Remote Metering: allows transmission of consumption information of metered energy sources such as gas, electricity from the home to the energy provider
- Remote (Cloud) Energy Management
DECT ULE Advantages
Perfect for smart home sensor applications
- Superior Transmission Range: 70 m Indoor, 600 m outdoor
- Interference Free with dedicated/protected spectrum
- No contention with Wi-Fi, Bluetooth or other ISM band radios
- Long Battery Lifetime – up to 10 years
- World Wide Spectrum
- Low System Cost
- Single Chip Solution
- Open Standard
- Built in security and authentication
- Low Latency
Home Healthcare: Distress Pendant
Home Security and Safety: Smoke Detector
DECT ULE: the perfect combination of long battery lifetime, high data rate, low cost and long transmission range.RF Specifications
- Carrier Frequency: 1.8 GHz Europe, 1.9 GHz US
- RX Sensitivity: -98 dBm
- TX Power: +25.5 dBm (20 dBm US FCC Limit)
- Link Budget: up to 123 dB (BT = 92 dB, Zigbee = 106 dB)
- Channels: 5-10 RF channels
- Uses dynamic channel selection to avoid interference
- High Data Rate: 1Mb/s
- Capable of supporting repeaters for enhanced transmission range
- Very Low Duty Cycle: 100 mS sensor transmission every 20 seconds
- Low average current: <20 uA
The DECT standard was developed by ETSI but has been adopted by many countries all over the world.
- CE Requirement: ETSI EN 300-175
- FCC Requirement: Subpart D – Unlicensed PCS Devices (FCC Part 15.3xx)
- Industry Canada: RSS-213 Issue 2
Each DECT product manufacturer or distributer must pay an upfront $50,000 one-time licensing fee and a UTAM certificate must be presented as part of the FCC filing. This fee is not required if a “FCC certified module” is used as the fees would have been paid by the module manufacturer. This fee is in effect until such a time as when all financial obligations are met.
- Europe: 1880-1900 MHz
- China: 1900-1920 MHz
- Japan: 1893-1906 MHz
- Latin America: 1910-1930 MHz
- US & Canada: 1920-1930 MHz
- Channel Plan:
- Europe: 10 channels (1.728 MHz spacing)
- US: 5 channels (1.728 MHz spacing)
- Average TX Power:
- Europe: 10 mW (250 mW peak)
- US: 4 mW (100 mW peak)
The ULE power consumption depends on the operational mode of the ULE device. The synchronous mode (DECT calls this “locked mode”) consists of a predetermined sleep time (between 1-20 seconds). In the synchronous mode the ULE node autonomously communicates with the base every x seconds (x = 1-20 seconds)
In the asynchronous mode (DECT calls this “unlocked mode”); a sleep period of seconds to days is possible.
The following table, provided by the DECT Forum, provides an indication of expected battery lifetime. Chipsets such as the DHX91 system on a chip (SoC) from DSP Group are able to exceed these lifetime estimates.
|Mode||Sleep time||Battery Lasts|
|Asynchronous (unlocked)||5-6 mins.||~10 yrs|
|Asynchronous (unlocked)||2 1/2 mins.||~5 yrs|
|Synchronous (locked)||20 seconds||~4yrs|
Figure 7 - Battery Lifetime Estimates Source: DECT Forum